alexandru-ioan-cuzaIn 1848, like the majority of the European countries, Moldova, Tara Romaneasca and Transylvaniaregele-carol went through a revolution. The goals of the revolutionaries were to obtain the independence of Moldova and Tara Romaneasca and the national emancipation of Transylvania. These goals remained unaccomplished. All the same, the year 1859 is an important reference for Romanians, because it marked the unification of Moldova and Tara Romaneasca under the rule of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. During the war that took place between 1877 and 1878, under the rule of Carol de Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Romania conquested its independence that meant this state had equal rights as every other suveran state.

ceausescuThe conquest of the independence in 1877 had also a moral semnification because it rised the free conscience of the Romanian nation, and anticipated the Big Union on the 1st of December 1918, after the first world war in which Romania took part. The 1st of December is also Romania’s national day. Romania also took part in the Second World War, but some of its territories like the northern Bucovina, Basarabia, Hateg and the south of Dobrogea were lost. In 1947 the Russian troupes occupied Romania, and three years later the communist regime was installed. The communist regime was removed in December 1989, during the revolution when Nicolae Ceausescu was shot. Since then, Romania is a democratic state that gained on the 1st of January 2007 its status as a European state by entering in the European Union.